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Johnson’s Woods

Facade of a one-and-a-half-story house in grayscale tone. Leafless plants and a tree stand in the yard that is covered with snow. The house is set between two residential buildings in the area.
Johnson’s Woods is a residential neighborhood in the City of Milwaukee between Interstate 94, the Hank Aaron State Trail, Seventieth Street, and the Wood National Cemetery. It is named for James Johnson, who purchased 141 acres of wooded land in the area in 1876. The land was part of the Town of Wauwatosa at that… Read More

Kenosha County

Panoramic view of Port of Kenosha and Lake Michigan against a glowing orange sky. Rows of boats are visible from the center to the right foreground. The iconic Southport lighthouse tower and the red roof lighthouse keeper's residence building appear in the distance. Appearing next to the lighthouse tower is a large water tank decorated with icons of the lake, trees, and sailboats.
The relationship among Kenosha, Milwaukee, and Racine Counties has always been problematic, reflecting the dueling influences of Wisconsin and Illinois over their development. As one measure, consider how the U.S. Census Bureau officially designates their relationships. Although Racine is part of the Milwaukee-Racine-Waukesha WI Combined Statistical Area, Kenosha is not. Instead, the Census Bureau affiliates… Read More


Wide shot of an intersection of the U.S. Route 41 and Wisconsin Highway 28. The US 41 road stretches down from south to north or from background to the foreground of this image. The cars on the US 41 stop as the traffic lights show red colors. Two people walk the sidewalk on the left. Some low-rise commercial buildings are on the right.
While the Village of Kewaskum exists nearly entirely within the limits of the Town of Kewaskum, the boundaries between the Village and Town frequently shifted. In 1846, the territorial legislature reallocated the Kewaskum area from north central Washington County to the neighboring Town of West Bend. Just a year later, the land was separated from… Read More

Lake Country

A bird's eye view map displaying the lake region of Waukesha County separated by wide green terrain. Some houses and residential areas are built near the lakes. Some rectilinear and curving roads are also shown on the map. The map title is written on the central bottom, and the map legend is on the bottom left and right.
An informal name, northwestern WAUKESHA COUNTY’s Lake Country encompasses over twenty lakes and their surrounding region. These lakes vary in size and depth from large, named lakes, like PEWAUKEE, OCONOMOWOC, and Okauchee Lakes, to small ponds. Located within easy traveling distance of both Milwaukee and Chicago, Lake Country became a popular summer destination for wealthy… Read More

Layton Park

Long shot of Maynard Electric Steel Casting exterior in grayscale. The multiple-story structure has large signage on top and rows of industrial windows. On the left, adjacent to the building, is a single-story structure with a half-opened double door. A pick-up truck traverses the dirt road in front of the building.
The Layton Park neighborhood is on the south side of the City of Milwaukee. The 1970 Metropolitan Milwaukee Fact Book defined its boundaries as Lincoln Avenue from 16th Street to 24th Street, Becher Street from 24th Street to 35th Street, and Howard Avenue from 16th Street to 35th Street. However, the City of Milwaukee’s Neighborhood Identification… Read More

Menomonee Valley

Aerial shot of the Menomonee Valley in sepia. The Wisconsin Gas Company's coal gas processing and storage facility sits at the image's center. A water body is in the background. Several long roadways are located near the facility. Some residential places appear in the foreground.
The 1,200-acre Menomonee Valley has always played a central role in the economic life of Milwaukee. Flowing through it is the Menomonee River, which provided Native Americans with a canoe route from Lake Michigan into the interior and abundant resources, including menomin (Algonquin for wild rice). As European settlement increased in the late 1800s, the… Read More

Merrill Park

Long shot of Sherburn S. Merrill's mansion at Merrill Park in sepia. The majestic house has several porches on the ground floor and a covered balcony on its second floor. Lush trees grow in the background. A wide lawn and a driveway are in the foreground.
The Merrill Park neighborhood is in the City of Milwaukee between Wisconsin Avenue, Interstate 94, from 27th Street, and 39th Street. It is south of the CONCORDIA neighborhood and east of PIGGSVILLE. Together, the three neighborhoods make up the “West End,” so named because in the late nineteenth century it was at the west end… Read More


Sepia-colored exterior view of the First Baptist Church of Merton. The single-story main building features an entrance flanked by two rectangular windows. A turret-like structure sits atop the house roof. Scraggly bushes grow in the foreground.
The Village of Merton is located about 25 miles northwest of Milwaukee in WAUKESHA COUNTY, bordering the Towns of Merton and LISBON. Before European settlers arrived there, Native Americans had an encampment in the area, along with a system of trails—one of which European immigrants traveled on their way through the Wisconsin territory. In 1840,… Read More


Sepia-colored full shot of small children standing in a park facing to the right with three adults at a festival. The kids have balloons tied to one of their hands. In the foreground, a man sits on a bench while tying a balloon to the smallest child's wrist. Another man standing behind does the same thing for another child.
The Midtown neighborhood is in the City of Milwaukee. Its boundaries are North Avenue to the north, Highland Avenue to the south, and Twentieth Street to the east. Highland Avenue was Milwaukee’s first boulevard. The neighborhood’s western boundary has traditionally been a railroad track that runs from about Thirtieth Street and North Avenue to Thirty-Seventh… Read More

Milwaukee County

Long shot of Milwaukee County Courthouse standing in the distance against a clear blue sky. To the left of the courthouse is a large complex that houses the Milwaukee County Jail and the county Safety Building. Cars pass through a highway in the foreground.
Milwaukee County is the most populous county in Wisconsin. It has 947,735 residents as of the 2010 federal census. The county consists of nineteen municipalities, including ten cities and nine villages. There are eighteen public school districts in the county. As a political entity, Milwaukee County was established by the Michigan Territorial Legislature on September… Read More


The Sewall Andrews House facade and a portion of its one-story wings on the left and right. Red-colored bricks compose the one-and-a-half-story main building. Two rectangular windows are on the upper front, and two are on the ground floor. All are framed in white. A white-colored door is placed on the left ground floor. Small steps connect the entrance with a sidewalk. The road verge spans the foreground. The right wing's portico is visible.
Named from a Potawatomi word meaning “Place of the Bear,” Mukwonago is located thirty miles southwest of MILWAUKEE. The Village of Mukwonago makes up the southeastern corner of the Town of Mukwonago and extends south into WALWORTH COUNTY. Mukwonago’s other neighbors include the Towns of Vernon, East Troy, EAGLE, and GENESEE, and the Village of… Read More


Full shot of a group of DNR employees working at a vast frozen lake. They are dressed in warm clothes, including water-resistant overalls and boots. Two workers are inside the water area that is not frozen in the left foreground. Some people on the right stand on the frozen part of the lake while pulling ice with an ice hook. Ice tongs carried by someone's hand appear in the right foreground. Four vintage cars park on the left background.
The City of Muskego lies approximately twenty miles southwest of Milwaukee in WAUKESHA COUNTY. It occupies almost thirty-six square miles. Originally, Muskego was in MILWAUKEE COUNTY and included modern-day WAUKESHA, VERNON, NEW BERLIN, and Muskego. In 1839, lawmakers subdivided Muskego into the four self-governing towns. A dispute over 431 acres of land annexed to New Berlin spurred… Read More


The 1940 area map of Milwaukee shows the region divided into thirteen areas by dotted black lines. Each area is labeled with a number. The map key is written at the bottom left corner.
A neighborhood is a small section of a larger municipality that residents understand as a connected territory near their homes. Sometimes neighborhoods have names and generally recognized boundaries; other times their definition is more diffuse. Because modern cities vary so much internally, urban planners and scholars use bounded neighborhoods to understand local differences in population… Read More

New Berlin

A sepia-colored long shot of groups of people gathering around the Milwaukee Astronomical Society Observatory buildings set on a field. A roll-away shed in a trapezoid shape sits on the farthest left. A large telescope stands next to it. Three people appear near the shed and telescope. Another observatory unit capped with a dome is placed on the right. Some people gather next to the unit's entrance. At the image's center, in a space between the telescope and the dome, are other groups interacting. Some sit on chairs in the center background.
New Berlin is a city located in eastern Waukesha County. With an approximate population in 2010 of 39,584, it is the 16th largest city in the state. It is a six square mile area bordered by the city of Waukesha to the west, Muskego to the south, Brookfield to the north, and West Allis and… Read More

North Point

Long shot of the North Point Lighthouse and museum. The white-colored tower soars in the background. Its multiple windows, an observation deck, and a lantern room are visible in the distance. Next to it is the multiple-story museum with red roofs and white exterior walls. Several trees begin to turn with fall colors appearing dominantly on the left background. A large green yard is situated in front of the buildings and stretches toward the foreground. The North Point Light Station's historical marker stands on the lawn in the left foreground, facing slightly to the right. Above is a cloudy sky.
Milwaukee’s North Point neighborhood covers the area from E. Lafayette Place to the south, Lake Michigan to the east, E. Park Place to the north, and N. Summit and N. Downer Avenues to the west. The area takes its name from a part of the Lake Michigan coastline jutting into the water at about E.… Read More


Aerial map of Oconomowoc in a rectangular frame illustrating the region's contours, consisting of lands and waters. A vast plain appears in the far distance. More buildings are built near the bodies of water. The map shows the Oconomoc River on the left bottom, Fowler Lake on the middle, and the largest one, Lake La Belle, on the right. Lands and bridges separate them. Sailing boats and trees are visible here and there. The map title and directories are printed on the bottom portion outside the frame.
Oconomowoc, located in northern WAUKESHA COUNTY about 35 miles from Milwaukee, is named from a Potawatomi word meaning “gathering of the waters.” The histories of the City and Town of Oconomowoc are tied to their lakes—Lac La Belle, Fowler Lake, Oconomowoc Lake, and Okauchee Lake. In 1837, the first YANKEE-YORKERS established residences in the area.… Read More

Ozaukee County

Aerial map of Port Washington in a rectangular frame illustrating the city's contours, consisting mostly of land. The long Sauk River flows through the land. The harbor area is drawn in the bottom portion of the map. Several boats sail on the water body. Most buildings are built near the harbor. Areas with sparse houses appear on the map's upper portion, where a tiny train is just barely visible. The map title and directories are printed on the bottom part outside the frame. The directories list the city's churches, schools, courthouses, commercial buildings, and manufacturers, among others.
Located directly north of MILWAUKEE COUNTY, Ozaukee County is an integral part of both the Greater Milwaukee Area and the LAKE MICHIGAN waterfront. Although it is the second smallest of Wisconsin’s counties, having only 233 square miles of land, Ozaukee County was home to 86,395 residents in 2010. These residents live within 16 municipalities—three cities,… Read More


Grayscale elevated view of houses in Piggsville located between the Wisconsin Avenue viaduct on the left and an overpass on the right during winter. The residential places appear dominantly in the left-to-center foreground. The viaduct arch structures span from the left to the far center background. The overpass stretches from the image's center toward the right foreground. The columns of the overpass are visible. Some buildings appear in the center background around the overpass and the right back. The road and ground are covered with snow.
Piggsville is a neighborhood in the city of Milwaukee. Its borders are Wisconsin Avenue to the north, Interstate-94 to the south, 39th Street to the east, and 44th Street and Miller Parkway to the west. The northwest section of Piggsville was under the Wisconsin Avenue viaduct, which was torn down and replaced in 1993. Pigssville… Read More


Long shot of an abandoned two-story building sitting on a street corner against a cloudy sky. The image shows two sides of the building. A mural showcases some figures and a rainbow with blue background is painted all over the exterior wall of the left side. The blue color washes the ground floor's wall on the building's right side. The first floor has several boarded-up arched windows and a white door on the right corner. On top of them is inscribed "Milwaukee Inner City Arts Council" in black paint. The wall's cream bricks and four arched windows appear on the second floor. A circle inscribed in the brick on the second story reads "1876." A covered bus stop is installed in front. Another two-story place stands next to the building. The street in the foreground is empty. A traffic light is in the right foreground.
The term placemaking can be confusing because different stakeholders understand it in various ways. Sometimes people refer to placemaking’s economic development functions; at other times, the emphasis is on cultivating city residents’ creativity. According to urban planner Mark Wyckoff, placemaking is simply a “process of creating quality places that people want to live, work, play… Read More

Racine County

Land use map of the City of Racine. The map's title, year, and publisher's name, William Hancock, are in the bottom center. The map shows the area divided into plots and numbered. Four sketches of buildings are drawn in a row on the left part of the paper. They illustrate, from top to bottom: the Congregational Church, Congress Hall Hotel, Baker House Hotel, and a College.
Racine County was forged out of the original Milwaukee County on December 7, 1836. From the end of the Civil War to the 1950s, it ranked second in Wisconsin only to its northern lakeshore neighbor in total population, industrial development, and ethno-cultural diversity. Several of its manufacturing establishments achieved national—and even international—status. For several decades,… Read More