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America’s Black Holocaust Museum

The facade of America's Black Holocaust Museum against a dark blue sky in the background. The building is located at the corner of an intersection near two traffic lights, one displaying red color, and the other showing green. The first floor of the building emits light through its clear glass walls. A large "ABHM" sign is installed at the front of the facade.
America’s Black Holocaust Museum is a one-of-its kind institution dedicated to documenting the history of violence against African Americans. It was founded on Juneteenth Day, 1988, by Dr. James Cameron, who as a teenager in 1930 narrowly escaped being lynched in Marion, Indiana. The museum initially was located at 317 West Wright Street, but later… Read More

American Indian Movement

Wide shot of the facade of the McKinley Park Coast Guard Station. The two-story building has regularly spaced windows, light-colored walls, and a cupola on top. The station is surrounded by snow on the ground and on some parts of the roof. Some people appear outside the building, and one climbs the stairs to the station's entrance.
On August 14, 1971, Native American activists in Milwaukee staged a takeover of an abandoned Coast Guard station along the lakefront (at 1600 N. Lincoln Memorial Drive). Inspired by the Alcatraz occupation of 1969, these local members of the American Indian Movement (AIM) demanded, according to the Treaty of Fort Laramie in 1868, that abandoned… Read More

American Motors

Long shot of a man working on a body of a vintage car inside the Nash Motors Assembly Line. Above the glossy-looking vehicle and behind the worker are rows of wheels held by a metal frame. Additional car parts are shown in blurry images in the background.
Founded as a furniture manufacturing company, the Seaman Body Corporation gained prominence as a maker of automotive bodies. For nearly seven decades, the Seaman Body factory at Capitol Drive and Richards Street on Milwaukee’s North Side produced bodies for the Nash and American Motors companies. At its height in 1928, the factory employed 6,500 workers.… Read More

American Society for Quality

The cover page of the Industrial Quality Control Magazine volume VI number 6 is in predominantly blue color. The magazine's name is written in the biggest font. Under the title is a grayscale picture of Milwaukee's City Hall tower alongside an advertisement for the "Fourth National Convention Fifth Midwest Conference of the American Society for Quality Control," which occupies most of the cover space.
Headquartered in the former Gimbels Department Store building in downtown Milwaukee, the American Society for Quality (known as ASQ) is a professional association for over 75,000 quality assurance and quality control professionals. As of 2016, the Society had 239 sections worldwide and 185 employees. ASQ offers professional certifications, maintains the world’s largest quality-related publisher, and… Read More

Amusement Parks

Image of the "Shoot the Chutes" in a wide shot shows the attraction from top to the bottom part that is attached to a large swimming pool. Two people riding a boat have just landed on the water after sliding from the top of the flume.
Amusement parks were important commercial leisure institutions in late nineteenth and early twentieth century Milwaukee. The development of such spaces with thrilling rides, midway games, stunt exhibitions, and other spectacles reflected a growing demand for new forms of American mass cultural amusement. The Americanization of Milwaukee’s large working-class immigrant communities found them enjoying local amusement… Read More

Anarchism

A full display of page 5 of the May 1, 1970 issue of UWM Post. The upper part of the page contains "The Letter to the Editor" article and a satirical cartoon by Phil Frank about the Vietnam War. The middle and bottom sections of the newspaper feature a letter to the editor and three articles. The first is entitled, "Fourth in a series: Public to Discuss Kelleth Proposals." The second, on the right side of the page, is titled "Viewpoint: If Precedent Ruled Progress." The third one, on the bottom left, is an announcement entitled, "March, Street Party in May Fest."
The Merriam-Webster Dictionary defines anarchism as “a political theory holding all forms of governmental authority to be unnecessary and undesirable and advocating a society based on voluntary cooperation and free association of individuals and groups.” In the early twentieth century, and again in the late 1960s and early 1970s, though little remembered today, advocates of… Read More

Animal-Human Relations

A grayscale image of two girls sitting on the fence in an outdoor space with a horse's appearing between them. The girls wear formal suits, ties and round hats. The one on the left carries a small trophy with her right hand and touches the animal's head with the other hand. The other girl smiles while holding the horse's reins.
Milwaukee’s past includes an inestimable number of nonhuman animals: germs; animals raised in or transported to the city for slaughter; working and service animals; wild, zoo, and laboratory animals; pets; and stray and abandoned domestic animals. The city’s earliest ordinances, passed by 1856, regulated horses, livestock, and dogs as well as soap factories, tanneries, stables,… Read More

Annexation

A caricature shows a big man leaning over and asking a crying child and a dog, "Don't you know whether you live in Milwaukee, Town of Granville or Village of Brown Deer?" A banner that reads "GRANVILLE AREA RESIDENT" hangs behind the child. At the bottom of the cartoon is a sentence, "All I know Is, I'm Lost."
Milwaukee’s uniquely jagged borders and large size relative to most Midwestern cities are historical byproducts of its dramatic and often controversial territorial growth. Throughout the city’s history, Milwaukee has grown through two primary means: annexation, which expands a city’s boundaries through the gradual addition of adjacent territory, and consolidation, in which entire municipalities fully merge… Read More

Annunciation Greek Orthodox Church

Long shot of the Annunciation Greek Orthodox Church facade with a blue domed roof and a cross on top on a cloudy day. The building is set between groups of green trees. A manicured green lawn is in the foreground.
Greek immigrants began arriving in Milwaukee in significant numbers in the early 1900s. Other ethnicities were larger in number, but the Greeks quickly made their mark on the city forming businesses such as confectioneries, restaurants, and taverns. Some worked in tanneries and breweries; others built railroads and bridges. These Greeks brought with them the faith… Read More

Arab World Fest

Color photograph of a marketplace showing a pavilion with a large sign written in red that reads "Souk" and the Arabic translation underneath. Various products such as fabric shawls and balloons are displayed in the building. Many hang vertically under the pavilion's ceiling. Several people interact or mill around in front of and inside the building.
Arabs are an ethnic linguistic group who trace their cultural heritage to one or more of the twenty-two modern Arab nation states. They began to settle in Milwaukee in late nineteenth century and since then have contributed significantly to the cultural, social, economic, and political life of the city and its surrounding regions. The Arab-Syrian… Read More

Architects

An office room full of the Ferry & Clas firm's workers in their suits and ties. Most of the men sit at their desks and concentrate on their tasks. At least three other people who look like the supervisors seem to oversee the employees' performance. One sits on a chair, and two stand near the workers.
Milwaukee’s built environment reflects the ideas of the architects and builders who designed and constructed the area’s commercial, industrial, and residential buildings. The roots of the profession began in the city’s first decade and flourished in the last quarter of the nineteenth century. A proliferation of architectural firms in the twentieth century accounts for Milwaukee’s… Read More

Armenians

Long shot of the facade of the Holy Resurrection Armenian Apostolic Church with street and sidewalk in the foreground. The church's main entrance is emphasized with an arched-shaped treatment surrounded by dark warm orange walls. A grey cross is placed above the entrance on the exterior walls. To the right, a sign provides information about upcoming services. The building has regularly spaced rectangle windows and a green front yard with an unadorned, symmetrical landscape design.
Armenia is a landlocked nation, located in the South Caucasus region of Eurasia, bordered by Georgia, Turkey, Azerbaijan, and Iran. An independent state since 1991, Armenia was part of the Ottoman Empire in the nineteenth century. From the end of World War I to 1991, it was a Soviet Socialist Republic within the USSR. Armenian… Read More

Ascension Columbia St. Mary’s Hospital

High-angle long shot of Columbia and St. Mary's Hospital complex between a number of other buildings and the iconic North Point Water Tower. This image shows the hospital's height and unique structure with mostly white exterior walls. The old logo of the Columbia and St. Mary's Hospital is visible on top right corner of the building.
Columbia St. Mary’s is really the history of two institutions: the Catholic St. Mary’s, Wisconsin’s first hospital, and Columbia, a non-sectarian hospital focused on research and teaching. Their developments reflected the maturation of the health care industry, including the search for cost savings in the 1980s and 90s that brought them together under one roof… Read More

Asian Indians

In 2002, artist Gautam Pal's bronze statue of Mahatma Ghandi was unveiled outside the Milwaukee County Courthouse. The memorial was presented by the Wisconsin Coalition of Asian-Indian Organizations.
Scholars have described Asian Indian immigration to America as the “quiet migration.” Asian Indians began arriving in Milwaukee after the passage of the 1965 Immigration and Nationality Act. Asian Indian immigrants usually possessed advanced degrees and became professionals and entrepreneurs after settling in Milwaukee. Milwaukee and Waukesha became home to many of these immigrants due… Read More

Asian Moon Festival

A page of the UWM Post newspaper showing an advertisement for the 2005 Asian Moon Festival. Prominently appears on the page is a design that resembles the shape of the moon and beach waves. Next to the picture is the date and location of the festival, given as "June 17-19, Summerfest Grounds, Milwaukee, Wisconsin." Below them are the ticketing information and the website address. The bottom part of the newspaper page shows the logos and names of the event's sponsors.
In 1994, the Wisconsin Organization for Asian Americans announced the creation of Asian Moon Festival. Named after the festival in Amy Tan’s children’s book, The Moon Lady, the multi-day celebration took place at the north end of the Henry Maier Festival Grounds and offered visitors the opportunity to experience a variety of Asian cultures through… Read More

Austrians

Illustrated portrait of Joseph Salzmann gazing to his left in a priest's robe. He wears a pair of wire-rimmed glasses; one of his eyebrows furrowed. His left hand is folded back while his right hand holds a book.
From 1980-2010 about 10,000-15,000 people in the Milwaukee metropolitan area reported Austrian ancestry in the census. This number was quite similar to those who reported an Austrian birthplace in 1940, but quite a bit smaller than the 24,000 who reported their mother’s birthplace as Austria in 1910. The variability in these numbers reflects the assimilation… Read More

Auto Racing

Wide shot of at least five antique cars speeding on dirt-surfaced track. This image's upper part shows a cloud of dust thrown into the air behind the automobiles driving through the corner of the circuit. The bottom portion of this grayscale picture displays a blurry image of the circuit fence.
Since the advent of the automobile, auto racing has been a constant presence in Milwaukee, reflecting the competition and innovation that makes the sport one of the most popular in the world. The Milwaukee Mile, on grounds of the Wisconsin State Fair Park in West Allis, had been the site of horse racing since 1876… Read More

Bahá’ís

The facade of Baha'i temple with its grand exterior design. The white three story building has several sturdy pillars on each of its levels and one dome in Byzantine and Gothic style on top of the structure. Each story has a number of windows that combine Romanesque and Arabesque aesthetics. Two people wearing red and blue shirts stand in front of the temple that is set in a green garden against the blue sky.
In 1894, Ibrahim Kheiralla, one of the first Bahá’ís in the United States, arrived in Chicago. This Lebanese-born entrepreneur, aided by new converts to the Faith, worked to spread this independent, monotheistic religion. Within five years Bahá’í communities had spread to Southeastern Wisconsin. The Kenosha Bahá’í community, founded in 1898, is the second oldest in… Read More

Banking Industry

A grand interior photograph with multi-story ionic marble columns, windows with arched tops and metal ornamentation, and detailed ceiling designs. Flower arrangements adorn the center welcome station and the half-wall in the foreground. An open vault door is visible in the rear of the image.
The story of banking in the City of Milwaukee begins in 1836, the year that the Wisconsin Territory separated from Michigan and the year before the economic depression of 1837 caused a national crisis in banking. Newly-established banks across Wisconsin, such as the Bank of Milwaukee, failed as a result of President Andrew Jackson’s “Bank… Read More

Baptists

The frontage of the Christ Polish Baptist Church located on a streetcorner adjacent to residential buildings. The church has a broad gabled roof and a cross erected on top of it. A gabled entry porch and tall, narrow arched windows are some of the main features of the building's exterior. Snow surrounds the church and covers some parts of the street. A deciduous tree, bare of foliage, stands near the sidewalks in front of the property.
Baptists were among the earliest faith communities in Milwaukee, holding their first meeting in 1836. As fervent believers in congregational self-determination, Milwaukee’s Baptists have become a diverse and multi-confessional group. In 2010, over 45,000 Baptists worshipped in the greater Milwaukee area as part of at least thirteen denominational bodies. The organizations with the largest number… Read More