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Full shot of four men posing with their curling equipment in sepia tone. Two sit on chairs, including John Johnston, interspersed with two others that stand. They all hold brooms in their warm clothes and hats. Three curling stones are placed on the floor close to their feet.
The Milwaukee Curling Club (MCC), established in 1845, is the oldest continuous curling club in the United States. Curling, brought to the area by Scottish immigrants, was initially played on the Milwaukee River. James Murray served as the first president of the organization. Milwaukee curlers joined the Grand National Curling Club of America in 1867… Read More


Grayscale wide shot of rows of electrical controls attached to a wall from left to right. A Cutler-Hammer worker tests one of the machines while sitting in a shirt and trousers.
Originating in Chicago in 1892, Cutler-Hammer quickly relocated to Milwaukee and became one of the city’s leading business enterprises. Capitalizing on the broad use of electricity in the late nineteenth century, the company gained world renown for its electrical controls, devices that were used in everything from lamps to military aircrafts, submarines, and battleships. Like… Read More


Exterior view of Bohemian Hall sits on a street corner facing right. This sepia-colored image shows two sides of the three-story building. The side on the left features an emergency fire escape attached to the brick wall. The right side consists of three sections. The place's name signage is inscribed in English on the central section's ground floor. The phrase "Cesko Americkas 1895" is inscribed at the top of the frong facade.
Immigrants from Bohemia and Moravia, called the “Czech Homelands” by the key scholar of Milwaukee’s Czech community, were one of the first ethnic groups to settle in the Milwaukee area in the middle of the nineteenth century. Then part of the Austro-Hungarian Empire, today these lands form the Czech Republic, the western-most Slavic nation in… Read More


Two dancers show a giant leap with expressive visages floating above a flat green-colored surface. They perform in predominantly navy-colored costumes highlighted by stage lighting.
Milwaukee’s tradition of performance has been nurtured by a mix of professional companies focused on modern dance and ballet. Because dance has been marginal in Milwaukee’s arts economy, educational institutions such as the Wisconsin College of Music and the University of Wisconsin-Milwaukee’s Peck School of the Arts (UWM) have been crucial to sustaining the field… Read More

Daniel Bell

A blurry headshot of Daniel Bell from the chest up wearing a collared shirt, a jacket, and a round hat. His eyes make direct contact with the camera lens in this grayscale photograph.
The “signal shot for the black freedom movement in Milwaukee” began as a routine traffic stop. On February 2, 1958, Daniel Bell, a twenty-two year old African American male, was pulled over for an inoperative taillight. Within moments he was fatally shot by Milwaukee patrolman Thomas Grady. The officer claimed that he chased and cornered… Read More

Daniel Webster Hoan

Sepia-colored headshot of Daniel Webster Hoan in a notched lapel suit and neat hairstyle. His eyes make direct contact with the camera lens.
As mayor from 1916 to 1940, Daniel Webster Hoan transformed Milwaukee from a graft-ridden, ineffective municipality to a well-governed city that received national recognition for its high-quality services. Winning ten consecutive citywide elections as a Socialist, Hoan joined the Democrats during World War II and helped reshape the modern state party. Born in Waukesha in… Read More

David Rose

A campaign advertisement of David Rose showcases his headshot photograph. Rose, in formal attire, faces to the right. Text atop the photo reads "vote." The text beneath the image reads "David S. Rose For Mayor."
Born in Darlington, Wisconsin on June 30, 1856, David Stuart Rose studied law and joined his father’s legal firm when he was twenty years old. In time, he served as mayor of Darlington and as a Lafayette County judge before moving to Milwaukee in 1888. There he spent years building up his own law practice… Read More


A long shot of the St. John Chrysostom Church facade features the building's board and batten exterior walls in red. The main entrance doors in a brighter red are in the middle; the right door is open, showing stained glass windows in the interior. The church has steep rooflines and crosses installed atop.
The City of Delafield is a residential and resort area centered on Lake Nagawicka in the Lake Country area of Waukesha County. The Town of Delafield was created in 1842, allowing local government functions. Approximately 25 miles west of Milwaukee, Delafield was incorporated as a city in 1959. In 2010 the city’s population was estimated… Read More

Democratic Party

A political poster in a square shape featuring Anthony Szczerbinski's photo surrounded by slogans promoting him as a candidate for Congress. The top of the poster reads "Wilson Will Need Him!!" The bottom part of the paper is inscribed "Democratic Ticket Primary Sept. 5th Elect. Nov. 7th."
The Milwaukee Democratic Party (MDP) has dominated the city’s politics during two very different chronological periods—separated by nearly a century. The first dated from the city’s 1846 incorporation through the Civil War and its immediate aftermath. MDP candidates handily bested their Whig opponents in virtually every mayoral, gubernatorial, and presidential contest. They also dominated the… Read More

Department Stores

A vintage sepia drawing of Gimbel Bros. Department Store's facade and surrounding area. The tall building features flapping American flags perched around the roof and rows of windows in each of its stories. The department store takes up the entire block. The picture illustrates a busy day where crowds of people walk in front of the building next to a street where streetcars and vintage cars run.
Solomon Juneau’s trading post provided the first source of commodities for locals, with indigenous peoples as its earliest customers. After land sales in the mid-1830s drew hundreds, then thousands of Americans west of Lake Michigan, an early newspaper advertisement for Juneau’s shop listed cotton cloth, blankets, hatchets, saddles, looking glasses, rifles, and flints available in… Read More

Digital Milwaukee

Frontpage of the last issue of the UWMPost dated November, 26, 2012 with the tagline "The Student-Run Independent Newspaper." The headline reads, "The Post is Dead." The second article is titled "Long Live the Post."
“Digital Milwaukee” is the online presence of metropolitan Milwaukee. It emerged with the opening of the Internet to commercial traffic and the advent of the World Wide Web as a system for visualizing, organizing, and disseminating digital content in the early 1990s. The development of the Web has transformed how Milwaukeeans understand, discuss, share, market,… Read More


Postcard illustrating the Sacred Heart Sanitarium grand facade. The four-story building features a tower with a pyramidal roof on its central structure. A cross is set atop the red-colored roof.
For much of the eighteenth and early nineteenth centuries, care for mentally or physically disabled individuals in the United States fell largely on the immediate family. In cases where families were unable to care for disabled members, the local community sometimes provided care. In some burgeoning cities of the early nineteenth century, charitable organizations coordinated… Read More

Discovery World

Photograph of Discovery World showcases its iconic circular aquarium on the left. Adjacent to it is the seating area of an outdoor event venue. This arena sits on Milwaukee's lake shore. The US Bank Building and the blue sky are in the background.
Officially opened in 1984, Discovery World emphasizes hands-on learning and scientific exploration for both children and adults. Its founder, Robert Powrie Harland, Sr., was inspired to create such a facility following Apollo 13 astronaut James Lovell’s visit to Milwaukee. Harland, director of the Todd Wehr Foundation, worked with business leaders to establish the original museum… Read More

Dorothy Enderis

Grayscale medium shot of Dorothy Enderis smiling in glasses and a flower-patterned shirt. Enderis sits at an office desk while her hands hold a paper and a pencil. Some documents and a fountain pen are on the desk lying next to her hands.
A world-renowned continuing education and recreation pioneer, Dorothy Enderis was born in 1880 to Swiss immigrant parents in Elmhurst, Illinois. The following year, her family moved to Milwaukee. After graduating from the Milwaukee Normal School in 1901, Enderis worked for eight years as that institution’s assistant librarian and then as a fourth-grade teacher. In 1911,… Read More


Aerial shot of Milwaukee downtown displaying several skyscrapers, including the newest Northwest Mutual Company building, which is still under construction. Smaller buildings and highways appear below. The bottom portion of this image shows the Henry Maier Festival Park and part of Lake Michigan.
Milwaukee’s downtown was anomalous compared to its peer cities over a good part of its historical evolution. This uniqueness was expressed most noticeably in its relatively small size, its weaker commercial function, and its tenuous relationship to the balance of the metropolitan area. Primarily because the city was eclipsed economically by nearby Chicago, Milwaukee rarely… Read More


Side view of a two-and-a-half story duplex in predominantly cream-colored exterior wall. The ground floor has a covered porch supported by four columns. The second floor features a balcony enclosed by balustrades. Each has an identical front door and windows. Landscaping shrubery flanks the front steps.
The duplex, an apartment house with two units, became a popular housing choice in Milwaukee during the late-nineteenth-century period of rapid industrial growth and residential development. By 1911, a study of Milwaukee conducted by the United Kingdom Board of Trade, described it as the city’s most common house-type. Although a few are found in wealthier… Read More


A standing historical marker of Fox Point School and Burying Ground in a brown-colored material contains the description of the building written in white paint. The sign is erected over a green lawn filled with scattered brown leaves. Below the sign is a metal plate in the shape of Milwaukee County and highlighting local rivers reading "Landmark 1991 Mmilwaukee County." Some feet behind are trees growing outside a chain link fence. The text of the marker reads "Fox Point School and Burying Ground. A hewn-log schoolhouse was erected on this site during the winter of 1852-53 by school district no. 9, Township of Milwaukee. The structure was also used as a public meeting house, and for church services by the Reformed Church of Bethlehem, a Dutch congregation. In 1868, the adjoining tract was deeded to that congregation for cemetery purposes, although grave markers indicate burials had taken place as early as 1854."
Milwaukee’s Dutch population first appeared in the records of the 1860 United States Census when some 500 people reported their birthplace as the Netherlands. There is ample evidence, though, that they arrived considerably earlier. One account of the early Dutch suggests that, by 1832, a printer by the name of Lukwilder had moved to Milwaukee… Read More


Long shot of a single-story Finnish log house featuring an enclosed entrance and rectangular windows. A brick chimney atop the roof releases soft grey smoke. A ladder lies on the roof's surface on the left. Another wooden ladder is positioned below it, leaning on the exterior wall. Green trees surround the sides and back of the cabin. A simple bench made of logs sits on the front green lawn.
Eagle, Wisconsin is a community in the Kettle Moraine State Forest, about 35 miles west of Milwaukee. Eagle consists of two legal entities: the Town of Eagle and the Village of Eagle. Although they are legally separate, they are closely linked by shared official services as well as community history and recreational attractions. Like most… Read More

East Side

Bird's eye view of a portion of Milwaukee's East Side displays several tall buildings, including highrise private structures on the right of the image and a public highrise tower on the left. Among them are smaller buildings, streets, and green trees here and there. Sun shines from the left to right.
Milwaukee’s East Side is the area roughly bounded by Lake Michigan to the east, the Milwaukee River to the west, the Village of Shorewood (E. Edgewood Avenue) to the north, and E. Ogden Avenue to the south. Covering a small northeast corner of the city representing only about 4% of Milwaukee’s total area, the East… Read More

Eastern Orthodox Christians

Exterior shot of Saints Constantine and Helen Greek Orthodox Church in daylight. The building sits on an elevated platform with a concrete staircase towards the main entrance. The church's front side consists of three sections. The center section has three round arches ornamenting the brick wall with a double door on the central arch. TA flat sculpture of Saint Constantine and Saint Helen is installed on the left section's exterior wall. A blue dome with a cross atop appears above the left section.
Eastern Orthodox Christians from Eastern and Southern Europe endured centuries of wars in an attempt to gain freedom from powerful, conquering countries. In these regions there was a great deal of political oppression that led to unstable governments. The outcomes of these wars not only changed national boundaries, but changed the nationality of citizens. There… Read More
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