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Salvation Army

The Salvation Army's 100th anniversary booklet, published in 1999, emphasizes both the organization's significant contribution to the community and its continuing presence.
From its entry into Milwaukee in 1889, the Salvation Army has pursued its two-part mission to “preach the gospel of Jesus Christ and to meet human needs in His name without discrimination.” Captain Samuel Neil, his wife, and four companions established Milwaukee’s first Salvation Army center on what is now North Plankinton Avenue. In 1893,…
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Sandlot Baseball

Photograph of the 1912 Kosciuszko Reds, a popular  baseball team gathered outdoors.
From the turn of the twentieth century until the years immediately following World War II, grassroots baseball built around local teams and leagues was an important participatory and spectator sport in Milwaukee and in other major northeastern and midwestern cities. Operating below the level of full-fledged professionalism, the game played by these teams was commonly…
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Saukville

Built in 1848 by William Payne, one of Saukville's first residents, the Payne Hotel still stands near Saukville's downtown area and Triangle Park.
The Saukville area is about 25 miles north of Milwaukee in Ozaukee County. The Saukville area was initially part of the Township of Washington, which is today’s PORT WASHINGTON. Established in 1848, the Township of Saukville contained what became municipalities of the Village of Saukville and the Town of Saukville. The original inhabitants of the…
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Schlitz Brewing Company

Postcard featuring the Schlitz Brewing company plant.
The Schlitz Brewing Company (1849-1982) was one of Milwaukee’s industrial brewing giants. Marketed as “the beer that made Milwaukee famous,” Schlitz was an important innovator in the national brewing industry and the largest brewery in the United States for a significant part of the twentieth century. The Schlitz Brewing Company originated in August Krug’s pioneer…
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Scots

1973 photograph of the Billy Mitchell Scottish Pipe Band performing at Summerfest, showcasing the historic connection between Milwaukee's Scottish community and modern culture.
The first Scots came to Milwaukee in the 1810s as fur traders. James Murray arrived in 1835 and became the first permanent Scottish settler in the city. A renaissance man of sorts, Murray was a painter, glazier, and real estate broker. As a Presbyterian, he played a role in founding the First Presbyterian Church in…
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Scouting

The letters ZNP on the insignia of these young women's uniforms indicate their membership in the Polish National Alliance scouting program.
Scouting has played an important role in the lives of young people in the Milwaukee area since the national movement began in the early twentieth century. Viewing scouting as a vehicle to teach skills and instill values, a variety of local organizations, including schools, churches, synagogues, civic groups, and firehouses have sponsored scout “troops.” Most…
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Second-Wave Feminism

Cheryl Keenan, Milwaukee's representative in the National Organization for Women holds a shirt that reads "A woman's place is in the House...and the Senate" at the city's first women's festival in 1984.
The Oxford Living Dictionaries: English defines “feminism” as the “advocacy of women’s rights on the ground of the equality of the sexes” and dates the English usage of the term to the late nineteenth century. As the “woman movement” achieved its goal of suffrage for women in the early twentieth century, women’s activists began to…
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Serbians

Photograph of the St. Sava Serbian Orthodox Cathedral taken in 2016. Completed in 1958, the church is a key aspect of Milwaukee's Serbian community and includes a school and other cultural organizations.
Milwaukee’s Serb population dates to the late nineteenth century, when Serbs seeking industrial employment immigrated to Milwaukee and other cities along Lake Michigan’s waterfront, including Racine, Kenosha, and Chicago. This early Serb population arrived in Milwaukee as part of a larger movement of peoples from the Austro-Hungarian controlled areas of the Balkans, such as Slavonia,…
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Settlements

The Abraham Lincoln House, pictured here shortly after it opened in 1910, was financed with proceeds from Lizzie Black Kander's successful publication, "The Settlement Cookbook."
The first American settlement house was established in New York City in 1886. In contrast to existing charitable organizations that dispensed material aid and advice to the needy, in settlement houses reformers lived in the neighborhoods they served with cultural programming and community amenities. College-educated men and women joined the settlement house movement around the…
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Seventh-day Adventists

Located on Terrace Avenue, the Central Seventh-day Adventist Church is located in a large home Alexander Eschweiler designed in 1913.
In 2010, over 2,800 Seventh-day Adventists worshipped in the greater Milwaukee area. Known for keeping the Saturday Sabbath, the Adventist faithful meet in thirteen minister-led churches and lay companies in the metropolitan area. Among these congregations, Central Seventh-day Adventist, in Milwaukee’s North Point neighborhood, is notable for its location in an Alexander Eschweiler-designed mansion. Milwaukee…
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Sewers

This photograph of men standing inside a sewer tunnel under construction provides a sense of scale and of the materials used in building them.
Sewage is a variable liquid comprising material from a variety of sources, including, but not limited to: human waste; industrial waste; runoff from household and manufacturing processes; animal waste and road runoff; and rainwater. Sewage that requires processing through chemical and biological means to eliminate toxins and germs is considered “sanitary sewage”; that consisting of…
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Sexual Health

In 1916 Milwaukee Health Department inspectors posted this notice in factory toilets and public toilets to offer “advice” on treating or avoiding sexually transmitted diseases.
The World Health Organization defines sexual health as “a state of physical, emotional, mental and social well-being in relation to sexuality” and emphasizes “it is not merely the absence of disease, dysfunction or infirmity.” In the context of Milwaukee’s history, the main focus of policies and practices surrounding sexual health, however, concerns the prevention and…
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Sheepshead

Given its strong connection to German culture, Sheepshead lessons and tournaments are a featured attraction at Milwaukee's annual Germanfest.
Sheepshead is a popular American card game that originated in Central Europe during the eighteenth century. In the middle of the nineteenth century, the first major wave of European immigrants arrived in the United States. While the city of Milwaukee attracted immigrants of all kinds, Germans quickly became the largest immigrant population in the city;…
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Sherman Park

Taken in the summer of 1963, this photograph provides a view of N. Sherman Boulevard from North Avenue.
Sherman Park is a primarily residential neighborhood on Milwaukee’s West Side, located between 35th and 60th streets, North Avenue and Capitol Drive. It is one of the city’s most diverse communities. In the late 1890s, GERMAN residents of Milwaukee’s crowded North Side began building homes in the farmland west of the railroad line that ran…
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Shorewood

This postcard provides an aerial view of the Wonderland amusement park at the beginning of the 20th century, first opened as Lueddemann's-on-the-River in 1872.
In 1900, the village of East Milwaukee was incorporated. It occupied an area of roughly 1.5 square miles between Lake Michigan and the Milwaukee River, the Milwaukee City border on the south, and the recently incorporated village of Whitefish Bay to the north. In 1917, the name was changed to Shorewood to further distinguish the…
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Sikhs

While there is no authoritative count of American Sikhs, the Pew Research Center concluded that in 2012 about 200,000 Sikhs (a conservative estimate), primarily of Indian descent, lived within the United States. As signs of faith and social solidarity, many Sikhs adopt the names “Singh” (lion) for men and “Kaur” (princess) for women. A monotheistic…
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Sister Joel Read

Revered both within Milwaukee's community and nationally for her leadership and commitment to education, Sister Joel Read served as the president of Alverno College for 35 years.
Sister Joel Read, SSSF, was the central figure in transforming Alverno College on Milwaukee’s South Side from a small, religious-oriented institution run by the School Sisters of Saint Francis into a pioneer in programs serving non-traditional students and measuring student success in innovative ways. During her thirty-five years as president of Alverno, Read became a…
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Sixteenth Street Community Health Centers

Since opening in 1969, the Sixteenth Street Community Health Care Centers have expanded to eight locations throughout the Greater Milwaukee area. Their Chavez Drive location is pictured here.
  Sixteenth Street Community Health Centers (SSCHC) have provided free and affordable health care services to low-income patients since 1969. That year, neighborhood organizers opened a small, volunteer-run health clinic at the corner of South 16th Street and West Greenfield Avenue. Since its earliest days, SSCHC has worked to serve the needs of the South…
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Skateboarding

A skateboarder is caught mid-flip at Cream City Skate Park, an indoor facility in Butler.
A California import, skateboarding appeared in Milwaukee in the 1960s and rose in popularity in the 1970s. Local authorities perceived skating as dangerous and wasted little time banning it from most public places. According to contemporary accounts, this led to confrontations between skaters and authorities, which supported skateboarding’s outsider image. Nevertheless, skaters careened down the…
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Slovaks

Photograph of a group of young men and women part of a Sokols gymnastics group, taken in 1931.
The Milwaukee area’s Slovak population dates from the 1880s, when economic dislocation at home and nationalist resistance to the Magyarization policies of the Austro-Hungarian Empire prompted immigrants to come to the United States in search of jobs and a better life. At the time, labor agents from American industrial plants, including southeast Wisconsin’s Patrick Cudahy…
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